Sustainable dams

The storm is an annual natural disaster in Bangladesh. Many times unpredictable sea cyclones and unpredictable sudden storms can come at the same time. This time the cyclone ‘Yas’ did not reach the coast but a tornado struck somewhere in Bangladesh and caused extensive damage to property. Preparations for cyclones or cyclones are predictable. However, the tornado forecast does not match, so there is no preparation to deal. This time the tidal wave was normal in the cyclone of 25-26 May; This combination of full moon and lunar eclipse gave rise to unusually high tides in large parts of the country.

The embankments are broken at the first blow; Either the water of the Ban overflowed the dam and flooded the locality including the road or the water leaked into the dam and at one stage made the dam itself weak and fragile. According to TV news, 223 dams in Bangladesh are the first victims of the cyclone. This has mainly submerged the houses of the people of greater Khulna, flooded thousands of tons of fish farms and submerged vast crop fields. So now everyone is deeply concerned about how to build a sustainable dam. In fact, sustainable dams cannot be built without good governance. Even if it is done, corruption, irregularities and lack of honesty and sense of responsibility will increase the huge amount of money spent in the name of the people and the corruption of those in charge. A few years ago, rats were cited as one of the main reasons for the collapse of the Haor defense dam in Sunamganj. Now it is being said, ‘As much as the concerned authorities are enthusiastic about the construction of the dam, Not so much in conservation. ‘ Who knows what danger will befall the huge haor and the vast coast in the coming monsoon if these evil ‘rats’ in human form are not suppressed. On the other hand, the headline of the newspaper: Big break in the dam due to the small push of Yas.

Probably on the night of November 29, 1969, a severe cyclone also hit the south-western part of Bangladesh from the Bay of Bengal. This time, like the Sundarbans, he managed to stop the storm with the great risk of endangering himself. Back then, many like me had to spend the night in the workplace newspaper office. As the night progressed, the speed and damage of the storm increased. Indiscriminate loss of livestock and trees in the Sundarbans was caused by the cyclone. Even this capital city, far away from the Sundarbans, was no less damaged. When I was returning home to Mohammadpur in the morning, I saw a huge tree like the mahiruhat of Farmgate uprooted in the whirlwind. And at its beginning a deep and big hole like a pond has been created.

Since March last year, our Bangladesh is still a victim of the corona virus epidemic Kovid. At the end of the month of May, 2020, during the month of Ramadan, the cyclone ‘Amphan’ (Agchah Agha) became a ‘blow to the head’. Inevitable was the heavy rain and the insanity of the tide. In this situation, millions of victims of Satkhira, Khulna and Bagerhat had to celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr. Therefore, the nation had to witness the unprecedented scene of Eid congregation on its knees. This time at about the same time the sea storm attacked. The difference is that as the lunar calendar is 11 days ahead of last year, this year the storm came after Eid-ul-Fitr. However, the Kovid epidemic did not stop. Rather, it has increased lately.

For a few days, the news of the storm and its damage was reported in various media including newspapers. A large part of it is the news of the endangered dam. The cyclone struck mainly in the eastern Indian state of Orissa (formerly known as ‘Orissa’) and several neighboring districts of West Bengal, neighboring Bangladesh. The storm also affected three districts in the Khulna region of Bangladesh, adjacent to the affected South and North 24 Parganas districts. But the high tide flooded as far as St. Martin, The whole coastal town of this country. The Indian metropolis of Kolkata is also somewhat damaged, but by the grace of the Most Gracious, the city of Dhaka in Bangladesh has been saved from the storm at least this time. The Indian government, realizing the danger two days ago, evacuated thousands of residents in the Bhubaneswar area of ​​Orissa. Even after that, the damage of the cyclone did not decrease. A few people have died and hundreds of thousands of homes have collapsed in the two states. The total loss in India is about one crore Bani Adam. Some people have lost their lives in Bangladesh in various ways.

There is a lot of talk about the maintenance and durability of hundreds of kilometers of long defense dams in Bangladesh. ‘If the fence eats the field’, it is a matter of great concern. The same thing happened with the coastal dam. Especially in the north-east of the country, after the massive dam scandal in Sunamganj, people are now more worried about saving the dam itself. How can a dam that cannot survive on its own, even if it is expensive, save the locality and the crop? People are blaming dishonest contractors and greedy officials for this.

Although this year’s ‘Yas’ cyclone did not hit Bangladesh hard, the damage is increasing in various ways. Such as- tidal, tidal wave, damage to houses, livestock and crops, damage to roads, trees and other infrastructures, deficit of relief and rehabilitation (including loan facility), death due to drowning or snake bite or water borne disease, continuous erosion, etc. The death toll is expected to rise in the next few days. The administration is already struggling to cope with the virus epidemic (especially since the recent second wave of the epidemic Kovid). However, good luck, the great danger of the cyclone has been avoided, or what would have happened, God knows. This can be guessed by looking at the stage in the tail of the big country India.
In fact, good governance needs to be made sustainable in the country first. In that case, the work will be sustainable in all areas, including coastal dams, and the hard-earned money of the people will be able to meet its target. The conditions for good governance are – proper implementation of the law, sense of responsibility, patriotism and conscious involvement of the elected representatives and the people. Then corruption, irregularities, waste, embezzlement etc. will be negligible. It is possible for real democracy to see the country bigger than the leader and the policy. Then there is no reason for the headaches that the ‘system’ has not developed for any reason including dishonesty and nepotism. In such a context, laws and regulations will proceed at the expected pace; The use of state funds will be ensured and everyone will be vigilant in fulfilling their responsibilities.

The full moon and the ‘Rahu’ of the
moon fill the four sides with Jochna ‘s ‘smile’ on the full moon. Rabithakur exclaimed, ‘Everyone has gone to the forest at night.’ However, this time the tidal surge was more frightening for millions of coastal people than the cyclone. One reason for this was the addition of the full moon. Lunar eclipse was added. In particular, people of some communities believe that ‘Rahu’ is consumed during the lunar or solar eclipse and when this Rahu ‘eats’ the moon, it is ‘lunar eclipse’. ‘Rahu’ refers to a huge evil force. This time, after the storm, the full wave of the full moon and lunar eclipse in the tidal wave of the tidal wave seemed to remind many people. At the same time, the ‘second wave’ of the epidemic has engulfed many countries, including Bangladesh. It is to be noted that even in the daytime night after the catastrophic cyclone of November 12, 1970, the abnormal tide of the full moon was the cause of fear of many in the southern part of Bangladesh.

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